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Learning the Bible

11. Facts About The Bible

The Bible is made up of 66 books: 39 from the Old Testament and 27 from the New.

The Old Testament has thirty-nine books (Memory help: there are three letters in the word “old” and nine in the word “testament”= 39).

The first five are called the Pentateuch, and most attribute them to Moses. They are:

· Genesis (Creation through the life of Joseph)

· Exodus (The Israelites leaving Egypt and traveling to the promised land)

· Leviticus (Various laws given by God)

· Numbers (The numbering of Israel and various laws)

· Deuteronomy (Various Laws)

The next twelve are the books of history. They are:

· Joshua (written by Joshua telling of Israel's conquering of the promised land)

· Judges (The history of Israel under the rule of judges, from Joshua to Samuel)

· Ruth (A romance story)

· 1 Samuel (The birth of Samuel, crowning of Saul as the first king)

· 2 Samuel (The story of David and Saul)

· 1Kings (The history of Judah and Israel, from a kingly perspective, from Solomon to the captivity)

· 2 Kings (The history of Judah and Israel, from a kingly perspective, from Solomon to the captivity)

· 1 Chronicles (The history of Judah and Israel, from a priestly perspective, from Solomon to the captivity)

· 2 Chronicles (The history of Judah and Israel, from a priestly perspective, from Solomon to the captivity)

· Ezra (Israel returns to Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity.)

· Nehemiah (Israel returns to Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity.)

· Ester (A story of God’s provision and protection, though the book does not use the name of God anywhere at all.)

Then come the books of poetry:

· Job (The trials of a righteous man and a debate about the nature of God.)

· Psalms (Songs)

· Proverbs (Wise sayings)

· Ecclesiastics (The purpose of life)

· Song of Songs (or Solomon; a love story)

The Major Prophets (each written by the man the book is named after):

· Isaiah (Tells of the coming destruction of many countries as well as the ending history of Judah.)

· Jeremiah (Tells of the coming destruction of Judah and of its actual end. He was in the city at the time it happened.)

· Lamentations (written by Jeremiah to mourn the death of the king.)

· Ezekiel (many prophecies from the end of Judah to the coming of Christ.)

· Daniel (the story of the Captivity and prophecies concerning the rest of the history of the Israelite people).

And the Minor Prophets (each written by the man the book is named after):

· Hosea (Prophecy of the coming Assyrian Captivity and an example of God’s love for Israel.)

· Joel (A description of a coming plague, a call to repentance, and prophecy of the coming Messiah.)

· Amos (The shepherd prophet; coming judgment on Israel’s enemies and Israel herself. A call to repentance.)

· Obadiah (Judgment pronounced on Edom.)

· Jonah (A story about rebellion and redemption.)

· Micah (The story of Israel’s sin, judgment and restoration.)

· Nahum (Nineveh is doomed.)

· Habakkuk (Prophecy of Judah’s destruction.)

· Zephaniah (Prophecy of Israel’s destruction and restoration.)

· Haggai (An exhortation for the restored Israel to finish the Temple.)

· Zechariah (Prophecy of the coming Messiah and His work.)

· Malachi (God’s answers to man’s questions. A call to righteousness.)

The New Testament has twenty-seven books (Memory help: three letters in the word “new” times nine letters in the word “testament” equals twenty-seven.)

The first four books are about the life of Christ, and are named after the authors and are called the Gospels:

· Matthew (From the Hebrew perspective.)

· Mark (From the Roman perspective.)

· Luke (From the Greek perspective.)

· John (From the Savior’s perspective.)

The one book of History:

· Acts (The history of the early church. Could be called the second half of the book of Luke.)

The Pauline (written by Paul) epistles (letters):

· Romans (Written to the church at Rome. The “Constitution of the Christian Church.”)

· 1 Corinthians (Written to the church at Corinth. Practical Theology.)

· 2 Corinthians (Information and Instruction to the Corinthian Church.)

· Galatians (Written to the church at Galatia. Justification is by Grace, not Law.)

· Ephesians (Written to the church at Ephesus. Explanation of relationships and roles.)

· Philippians (Written to the church at Philippi. Joy in the Christian walk.)

· Colossians (Written to the church at Colossae. Salvation is through Christ alone.)

· 1 Thessalonians (Written to the church at Thessalonica. Correct doctrine and instruction to the church.)

· 2 Thessalonians (Written to the church at Thessalonica. More of the same.)

· 1 Timothy (Written to his apprentice Timothy. The Leadership manual for the Church.)

· 2 Timothy (Written to his apprentice Timothy. Paul’s final words and instructions to Timothy.)

· Titus (Written to his friend Titus. Much the same theme as in Timothy.)

· Philemon (Written to his friend Philemon about a runaway slave who had come to Christ.)

· Hebrews (We don't know for sure who wrote this book. Some attribute it to Paul. Others to Apollos, or other ministers of the time. It was written to Hebrews still in Jerusalem.)

The non-Pauline epistles (named after the authors):

· James (Practical application of the Gospel.)

· 1 Peter (To persecuted Christians.)

· 2 Peter (An exhortation to continue growing in God.)

· 1 John (Strengthening believers and refuting heretics.)

· 2 John (“Stay the course.”)

· 3 John (Commendation to Gaius and Condemnation to Diotrephes.)

· Jude (Encouragement to remain doctrinally pure.)

One book of Prophecy (Written by Jesus' disciple John):

· Revelation (Foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem and the ending of the Jewish nation.)

Fun Facts

· The longest book of the Bible is Psalms-150 chapters.

· The shortest book of the Bible is 2 John with one chapter, 13 verses.

· The longest chapter of the Bible is Psalms 119 with 150 verses.

· The shortest chapter of the Bible is Psalms 117 with 2 verses. This is also the middle chapter of the Bible.

· The middle verse of the Bible is Psalms 118:8.

· The shortest verse in the Bible is John 11:35-"Jesus wept."

· The longest verse is Ester 8:9 containing 90 words.

· The Bible Contains:

3,566,480 letters

773,693 words

31,102 verses

1,189 chapters: 250 in the new, and 939 in the old

· The word “and” appears 46,277 times.

· Reverend appears once.

· “Lord” appears 1,855 times.

· The longest word is: Mahershalalhashbaz. It is found in Isaiah 8:1 and has 18 letters (It is a name).

· The 21st verse of Ezra 7 contains all the letters of the alphabet except J.

· Ester has no mention God.

· Verses 8, 15, 21, and 31 of Psalms 107 are alike.

· Every verse in Psalms 136 ends the same.

· The 19th chapter of 2 Kings and Isaiah 37 are almost identical.

· There are about 200 direct quotes in the New Testament from the Old Testament.

· God used forty different men to write the Bible.

· It took at least 1600 years to write the Bible.

· The first Bible printed on a printing press was the Gutenberg Bible, printed in the 1450’s

· The first Bible printed is this country was in 1663 in an Indian language.

· There were 25,000,000 Bibles sold in America in 2005, twice the number of Harry Potters from the same year (and this doesn’t count digital Bibles available on the internet or phone apps). 100,000,000 were sold worldwide.

· 91% of American Households own a Bible and the average is four per house (meaning most of the Bibles sold each year are to people who already own at least one!).

· 47% of Americans read their Bible at least weekly.

· The Bible has been published in over 450 languages.

· The New Testament alone has been published in nearly 1,400 languages, with the Gospel of Mark in over 2,370 languages.

· This means 90% of the world’s population has the Bible available in a language they speak.